Markus D. Dubber, B.A. (Harvard) 1988, J.D. (Stanford) 1991, is Professor of Law and Director of the Centre for Ethics at the University of Toronto. His work on various comparative, historical, theoretical, and methodological aspects of law and other normative orders has appeared in English and German, and has been translated into Arabic, Chinese, Italian, Korean, Persian, Portuguese, and Spanish. For many years, Markus taught at SUNY Buffalo, where he launched the Buffalo Criminal Law Center and the Buffalo Criminal Law Review (now New Criminal Law Review). He is founding editor-in-chief of Oxford Handbooks Online (Law), Critical Perspectives on Law and Crime (Stanford), CAL Lab (Toronto), and the online open-access journal Critical Analysis of Law: An International & Interdisciplinary Law Review (with Simon Stern).